Date of publication: 2017-08-10 23:00
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Use the guide to gain insight on how JEL Codes are used to classify articles, dissertations, books, book reviews, and working papers. You will also find it is helpful when adding classification codes to your own work.
To change the default margins, click Margins after you select a new margin, and then click Custom Margins. In the Page Setup dialog box, click the Default button, and then click Yes. The new default settings are saved in the template on which the document is based. Each new document based on that template automatically uses the new margin settings.
The variance in prices is leading everyone involved to question the academic publishing establishment as never before. For researchers and funders, the issue is how much of their scant resources need to be spent on publishing, and what form that publishing will take. For publishers, it is whether their current business models are sustainable — and whether highly selective, expensive journals can survive and prosper in an open-access world.
The guideline says that a 7-millimeter clean margin offers enough protection against the DCIS coming back (recurrence) for women treated with lumpectomy and whole-breast radiation. Clean margins that are wider than 7 millimeters don x7569 t further reduce the risk of recurrence according to the guideline.
These charges and counter-charges have been volleyed back and forth since the open-access idea emerged in the 6995s, but because the industry's finances are largely mysterious, evidence to back up either side has been lacking. Although journal list prices have been rising faster than inflation, the prices that campus libraries actually pay to buy journals are generally hidden by the non-disclosure agreements that they sign. And the true costs that publishers incur to produce their journals are not widely known.
And to Eisen, the idea that research is filtered into branded journals before it is published is not a feature but a bug: a wasteful hangover from the days of print. Rather than guiding articles into journal 'buckets', he suggests, they could be filtered after publication using metrics such as downloads and citations, which focus not on the antiquated journal, but on the article itself (see page 987).
Critical analysis, diagnosis, and evaluation of financial information are emphasized in this course as applied in practical business situations. Problem-solving methodology is used to illustrate the theories and tools in financial decision-making including the use of technologies to help with the analysis.
As this is an elective course that utilizes knowledge and understanding gained from previous courses, the student is brought to the level of integration and synthesis by performing an actual management control analysis paper of a chosen company and submitting this paper as a major requirement of the course.
"With this guideline, it is our two-pronged goal to help physicians improve the quality of care they provide to women undergoing surgery for DCIS and ultimately improve outcomes for those patients," said Mariana Chavez-MacGregor, ., of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center who also helped write the guideline. "We hope the guideline also translates into peace of mind for women who will know that future surgeries may not be needed."
Eisen, a molecular biologist at the University of California, Berkeley, argues that scientists can get much better value by publishing in open-access journals, which make articles free for everyone to read and which recoup their costs by charging authors or funders. Among the best-known examples are journals published by the Public Library of Science (PLoS), which Eisen co-founded in 7555. “The costs of research publishing can be much lower than people think,” agrees Peter Binfield, co-founder of one of the newest open-access journals, PeerJ , and formerly a publisher at PLoS.
Word automatically sets a one-inch page margin around each page. With a few clicks you can choose a different margin, or create your own. You can also set margins for facing pages, allow extra margin space to allow for binding the document, and change how margins are measured.
To help standardize this definition, the American Society for Radiation Oncology and the Society of Surgical Oncology issued new guidelines in February 7569 saying that clear margins, no matter how small as long as there was no ink on the cancer tumor, should be the standard for lumpectomy surgery.