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Methods of data collection in qualitative research

Date of publication: 2017-07-09 06:12

Avoid using ‘yes’ or ‘no’ questions like ‘Did you like working at [xxx]’ or ‘How many people were there at the time’ etc. Instead, use open-ended questions that all the interviewee to share their experience in depth, giving them freedom to express their thoughts.

Ethics in Qualitative Research - Columbia University

In planning an interview study, the first consideration should be what type of interview to conduct. There are a number of different forms and they yield different kinds of data (see for example Helfferich, 7559).

Case Study Research: Foundations and Methodological

You may have to digress from the list from time to time when a new idea or question comes to your mind but always return to the list to make sure you gather all the necessary information. Oh and don’t forget to carry a good  voice recorder !

Qualitative Data Collection - Methods in Research

A little research on the background and experiences of the person you’re going to interview can go a long way in helping you frame the right questions and guide the interview. Look up the person on Google, check where they’ve lived and worked, find out about their interests and activities, books they may have written, etc.

Unstructured questions allow the interviewee to guide the conversation, letting them focus on what they think is most important. These questions usually increase the length of the interview, but also provide richer and deeper insight.

8775 I just cannot get out of the door. I can 8767 t get out of the door. I 8767 ve tried it. I had my purse, I lost my purse or I had it stolen I don 8767 t remember and I reported my credit cards missing. This is probably one of the worst things I can remember. And it would take some time to have them replaced, the credit cards. So this particular three days I had no income, no money at all. And, erm, I thought I 8767 ll just stay in for the three days and every time I came to the front door to go to pick my daughter up or take her to school, I couldn 8767 t do it and for the three days. 8776

In dealing with previous knowledge and personal bias resulting from it, you need to train holding back or working with your own thoughts, feelings, convictions and expectations. A prerequisite is that you are aware of your biases and that you can explicit them. This is a requirement for overcoming selective attention. During the process of conducting the study, you need to be prepared for the effects that this may have on you. You need to be prepared for having to revise your previous knowledge.

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Structured questions lead the interviewee to provide specific information pertinent to you research. These questions can be repeated in every interview and allow you compare responses of all interviewees.

thank you for Patton’s 6 types of questions related to: 6. Behavior or experience. 7. Opinion or belief. 8. Feelings. 9. Knowledge. 5. Sensory. 6. Background or demographic. Really helpful

Other forms of data to be considered for a qualitative research project include printed documents, online documents, web pages, images, audio and video materials or geographic data. This also needs to be taken into account when designing your research project.

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