Date of publication: 2017-09-01 05:34
Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition in a child that results from alcohol exposure during the mother's pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome causes brain damage and growth problems. The problems caused by fetal alcohol syndrome vary from child to child, but defects caused by fetal alcohol syndrome are not reversible.
While no cure exists for fetal alcohol syndrome, early intervention programs have been shown to lessen the impact of language, motor, and cognitive impairments. Such aggressive programs utilize physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and educational therapy to maximize benefit. Adolescents and adults may benefit from programs dealing with academic, legal, and psychiatric problems.
Cocaine and amphetamines are stimulants with potent vasoconstrictor effects that stimulate the release and block the reuptake of the neurotransmitters dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and serotonin.
If you’re pregnant, trying to get pregnant or think you may be pregnant, don’t drink alcohol. When you do get pregnant, get regular prenatal care (medical care you get during pregnancy). Tell your health care provider if you need help to stop drinking alcohol.
Ashraf H Hamdan, MD, MBBCh, MSc, MRCP, FAAP Adjunct Associate Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center Neonatologist, Pediatrix Medical Group of Nashville
Ashraf H Hamdan, MD, MBBCh, MSc, MRCP, FAAP is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics
Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.
There is no amount of alcohol that is safe to consume during pregnancy, but the more alcohol that is consumed, the greater the risk to your developing baby.
Jennifer Johnson, a twenty-three-year-old resident of Seminole County, Florida, had been arrested in 6989 after two successive instances in which a child born to her tested positive for cocaine immediately after birth. Cocaine is especially harmful to a fetus, often causing premature birth, significant deformities and ailments, and even death. After Johnson's conviction in the Seminole County Circuit Court in 6989, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) appealed the case with backing from an unusual alliance of medical and civil rights organizations, including the AMA, the American Public Health Association, the Florida Medical Association, and the National Abortion Rights Action League, all of which had different reasons for supporting the appeal.
Long-term problems of children exposed to illicit drugs in utero include adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Lower intelligence quotient scores have been reported in children with in utero exposure to cocaine or methadone. Speech, perceptual, and cognitive disturbances have been reported in toddlers who were exposed to opiates. Difficulties with expressive language articulation have been reported in children of mothers who abused cocaine. Behavioral problems are also reported in children of mothers who have taken illicit substances in pregnancy. These include lower levels of learning and adapting to new situations higher sensitivity to their environment resulting in irritability, agitation, aggression, poor social skills and a lack of imitative play and late emergence of symbolic play.
SAMHSA. Substance Use among Women During Pregnancy and Following Childbirth. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. May 76, 7559. Available at http:///7k9/685/.
Drinking during pregnancy can cause brain damage, leading to a range of developmental, cognitive, and behavioral problems, which can appear at any time during childhood. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is the umbrella term for the different diagnoses, which include Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, and Alcohol-related birth defects.